From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"Th[e] psychological need to conform and be “normal” at the social level, in general, and the political level, in particular, was beautifully portrayed by playrights like Ionesco (Rhinoceros, 1959) and film directors like Bertolucci (The Conformist, 1970)."--Takis Fotopoulos
"By the mere fact that an individual was a monarchist he possessed inevitably certain clearly defined ideas in history as well as in science, while by the mere fact that he was a republican, his ideas were quite contrary. A monarchist was well aware that men are not descended from monkeys, and a republican was not less well aware that such is in truth their descent. It was the duty of the monarchist to speak with horror, and of the republican to speak with veneration, of the great Revolution. There were certain names, such as those of Robespierre and Marat, that had to be uttered with an air of religious devotion, and other names, such as those of Caesar, Augustus, or Napoleon, that ought never to be mentioned unaccompanied by a torrent of invective."--The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind (1895) by Gustave Le Bon
Conformity is the process by which people's beliefs or behaviors are influenced by others. People can be influenced via subtle, even unconscious processes, or by direct and overt peer pressure. Conformity can have either good or bad effects on people, from driving safely on the right side of the road, to harmful drug or alcohol abuse.
Conformity is a group behavior. Numerous factors, such as group size, unanimity, cohesion, status, prior commitment and public opinion all help to determine the level of conformity an individual will reflect towards his or her group. Conformity influences the formation and maintenance of social norms.
- Asch conformity experiments
- Authoritarian personality
- Cultural assimilation
- Milieu control
- Obedience (human behavior)
- Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes
- Spiral of silence