Honolulu Museum of Art  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

(Redirected from Honolulu)
Jump to: navigation, search

Related e



The Honolulu Academy of Arts is an art museum in Honolulu in the state of Hawaii.

Since its founding in 1922 by Anna Rice Cooke and opening April 8, 1927, its collections have grown to over 40,000 works of art.



The Academy is accredited by the American Association of Museums and registered as a National and State Historical site. In 1990, the Academy Art Center was opened to provide a program of studio art classes and workshops. In 2001, the Henry R. Luce Pavilion Complex opened with the Pavilion Café, Academy Shop, and Henry R. Luce Wing with Template:Convert of gallery space. In 2005, the Asian Painting Conservation Center was opened to provide ongoing conservation efforts for the Academy’s renowned Asian collection.

Collections and holdings

The Honolulu Academy of Arts has a large collection of Asian art, especially Japanese and Chinese works. Major collections include the Samuel H. Kress collection of Italian Renaissance paintings, American and European paintings and decorative arts, art of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas, textiles, contemporary art, and a graphics collection of over 23,000 works on paper. Other collections include the James A. Michener collection of ukiyo-e prints and the Hawaiian art collection, which chronicles the history of art in HawaiTemplate:Okinai. The Department of European and American Art has paintings by Josef Albers, Francis Bacon, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Romare Bearden, Jean-Baptiste Belin, Bernardino di Betti (called Pinturicchio), Abraham van Beyeren, Carlo Bonavia, Pierre Bonnard, François Boucher, Aelbrecht Bouts, Georges Braque, Mary Cassatt, Paul Cézanne, Giorgio de Chirico, Frederic Edwin Church, Jacopo di Cione, Edwaert Colyer, John Singleton Copley, Piero di Cosimo, Gustave Courbet, Carlo Crivelli, Jasper Francis Cropsey, Henri-Edmond Cross, Stuart Davis, Edgar Degas, Eugène Delacroix, Robert Delaunay, Richard Diebenkorn, Arthur Dove, Thomas Eakins, Henri Fantin-Latour, Helen Frankenthaler, Bartolo di Fredi, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Jan van Goyen, Francesco Granacci, Childe Hassam, Hans Hofmann, Pieter de Hooch, Adélaïde Labille-Guiard, Philip Guston, William Harnett, George Inness, Alex Katz, Paul Klee, Nicolas de Largillière, Sir Thomas Lawrence, Fernand Léger, Morris Louis, Maximilien Luce, Alessandro Magnasco, Robert Mangold, the Master of 1518, Henri Matisse, Pierre Mignard, Amedeo Modigliani, Claude Monet, Thomas Moran, Giovanni Battista Moroni, Robert Motherwell, Alice Neel, Kenneth Noland, Georgia O'Keeffe, Amédée Ozenfant, Charles Willson Peale, James Peale, Pablo Picasso, Camille Pissarro, Fairfield Porter, Robert Rauschenberg, Odilon Redon, Diego Rivera, George Romney, Francesco de' Rossi (called Il Salviati), Carlo Saraceni, John Singer Sargent, Gino Severini, Frank Stella, Gilbert Stuart, Thomas Sully, Yves Tanguy, Jan Philips van Thielen, Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo, Bartolomeo Vivarini, Maurice de Vlaminck, William Guy Wall and James McNeill Whistler. The collection also includes three-dimensional works by Alexander Archipenko, Leonard Baskin, Lee Bontecou, Émile Antoine Bourdelle, Alexander Calder, Dale Chihuly, John Talbott Donoghue, Jacob Epstein, Jun Kaneko, Gaston Lachaise, Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Jacques Lipschitz, Claude Michel (called Clodion), Henry Moore, Elie Nadelman, George Nakashima, Louise Nevelson, Isamu Noguchi, Hiram Powers, Auguste Rodin, James Rosati, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Lucas Samaras, David Smith, Mark di Suvero and Jack Zajac. The permanent collection is presented in 32 galleries and six courtyards.


The Academy is open to the public Tuesday through Sunday. Admission is free to members and children but otherwise a fee is charged. Some events and certain days offer free admission to all.


A audio guide available for a fee includes 40 selections from the collection. Guided tours are free with admission and offered several times daily. Tours in the Japanese language, for the hearing impaired and specialty group tours for 10 or more are also available.


In a many-courted building once voted as HawaiTemplate:Okinai’s best building by the HawaiTemplate:Okinai Chapter of the American Institute of ArchitectureTemplate:Citation needed, the Honolulu Academy of Arts occupies Template:Convert near downtown Honolulu, not far from Waikīkī beach.

Doris Duke Theatre

The Doris Duke Theatre at the Academy seats 280. It hosts meetings, concerts, lectures, and presentations. The theatre is also home to Hawaii's GLBT film festival the Rainbow Film Festival.

Robert Allerton Art Research Library

In 1927, the Robert Allerton Art Research Library opened with 500 books. In 1955, it was expanded and named for Robert Allerton. Collections include 45,000 books and periodicals, biographical files on artists, and auction catalogues dating to the beginning of the 20th century. The Academy has over 8,000 woodblock prints, many gifts from James A. Michener. More than 2,000 Japanese ukiyo-e prints are digitized and available for viewing. The library is a non-circulating research facility, the library reading room is open Tuesday through Saturday.

Academy Art Center

Arts education is another facet of the Academy. The Academy Art Center at Linekona offers studio art classes and workshops, and hosts exhibitions showcasing the island’s folk and contemporary artists. The Center offers arts education programs for children with special needs and public school students and maintains a lending collection for educators, students, and community groups.

Academy Education Department

The Museum's Education Department promotes the study and advancement of art education. Programs include guided tours, workshops, gallery classes, and children's art activities. Tours are provided to school children from pre-school through university grades; Docents are trained to provide gallery tours for the Tea and Tour and Movie and Art Talk programs; and educational activities such as Keiki-Parent Activity Tours and art experiences for seniors.

Shangri La: Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art

Doris Duke (1912–1993) built Shangri La with the help of American architect Marion Sims Wyeth. Duke's collection of Islamic art was assembled over 60 years.


Anna Rice Cooke (1853–1934), daughter of New England missionaries and founder of the Honolulu Academy of Arts, in her dedication statement at the opening of the museum on April 8, 1927 said:

"That our children of many nationalities and races, born far from the centers of art, may receive an intimation of their own cultural legacy and wake to the ideals embodied in the arts of their neighbors ... that Hawaiians, Americans, Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Filipinos, Northern Europeans and all other people living here, contacting through the channel of art those deep intuitions common to all, may perceive a foundation on which a new culture, enriched by the old strains may be built in the islands." —Anna Rice Cooke

Born on [[Oahu|OTemplate:Okinaahu]] in 1853, Cooke grew up on [[Kauai|KauaTemplate:Okinai island]] in a home that appreciated the arts. In 1874, she married Charles Montague Cooke and the two eventually settled in Honolulu. In 1882, they built a home on Beretania Street, across from Thomas Square. As Cooke's career prospered, they gathered their private art collection. First were "parlor pieces" for their home. She frequented the shop of furniture maker Yeun Kwock Fong Inn who often had ceramics and textile pieces sent from his brother in China.

The Cookes’ art collection outgrew their home and the homes of their children. In 1920, she and her daughter Alice (Mrs. Phillip Spalding), her daughter-in-law Dagmar (Mrs. Richard Cooke), and Catharine E. B. Cox (Mrs. Isaac Cox), an art and drama teacher, began to catalogue and research the collection with the intent to display the items in a museum. With little formal training, these women obtained a charter for the museum from the Territory of Hawaii in 1922, while continuing to catalogue the collection. Cooke wanted a museum that reflected HawaiTemplate:Okinai's multi-cultural make-up. Not bound by the traditional western idea of art museums, she also wanted to showcase the island's climate in an open and airy environment, using courtyards which interconnect the galleries throughout the Academy.

The Cookes donated their Beretania Street land along with an endowment of $25,000. Their home was torn down to make way for the museum. New York architect Bertram Goodhue designed a classic Hawaiian-style building with simple off-white exteriors and tiled roofs. Goodhue died before the project was completed; it was finished by Hardie Phillip. This style has been imitated in many buildings throughout the state.

On April 8, 1927, the Honolulu Academy of Arts opened. There was a traditional Hawaiian blessing and the Royal Hawaiian Band, under the direction of Henri Berger, played at festivities. With the opening of the museum came gifts of many pieces, sometimes even entire collections. Additions to the original building include a library (1956), an education wing (1960), a gift shop (1965), a cafe (1969), a contemporary gallery, administrative offices and 292-seat theater (1977), and an art center for studio classes and expanded educational programming (1989). In 1999, the Academy created a children's interactive gallery, lecture hall, and offices.

The original building was named HawaiTemplate:Okinai's best building by the HawaiTemplate:Okinai Chapter of the American Institute of Architecture and is registered as a National and State Historical site. The Academy is accredited by the American Association of Museums.

In 1998, extensive renovation began starting with the Asian wing. In September 1999, construction began on the John Hara-designed Henry R. Luce Pavilion Complex, which opened May 13, 2001. It includes expanded spaces for The Pavilion Café and The Academy Shop and a new two-story exhibition structure. The Luce Complex is named for Henry R. Luce, the co-founder and editor of Time Magazine and other publications. His widow, Clare Boothe Luce, had a residence in HawaiTemplate:Okinai and served on the Academy's board of trustees from 1972–1977. [[File:Shakyamuni and the Eight Great Bodhisattvas, Korea, Chosôn Dynasty, 16th Cent., ink, color & gold on silk.jpg|thumb|Gautama Buddha and the Eight Great Bodhisattvas, Korea, Joseon Dynasty, 16th century]] New galleries exploring cross-cultural influences, were renovated and re-opened in the Western Wing in November 1999. A new gallery for Korean art was opened in June 2001. New galleries for the arts of India, Indonesia, and Southeast Asia were renovated and opened in January 2002. A new gallery for the art of the Philippines named for retiring Academy Director and his wife, George and Nancy Ellis, opened in 2003. In February 2005, the Academy opened an Asian Painting Conservation Studio and in December 2005, completed renovation of the Western Art galleries.

In 2001, the Academy entered into a partnership with the Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art and the theater was refurbished and renamed for her in July 2002. In October 2002, the Academy opened a new gallery that serves as the orientation center for all tours to Doris Duke's Honolulu estate Shangri La, which started on November 6, 2002.

The Academy's permanent collection grew to over 38,000 pieces with significant holdings in Asian art, American and European painting and decorative arts, 19th and 20th century art, an extensive collection of works on paper, Asian textiles, and traditional works from Africa, Oceania, and the Americas. Anna Rice Cooke’s great grandson, Samuel A. Cooke, is Chairman of the Board of Trustees. Stephen Little is the current Director. Little served as the Academy's Curator of Asian Art from 1989 to 1994, then the Pritzker Curator of Asian Art at the Chicago Art Institute.


The primary mission of the Honolulu Academy of Arts is "the promotion and the study of and the advancement of education in matters of art," and "that (Academy) treasures ... also be used to educate and inspire all citizens of HawaiTemplate:Okinai, especially children." The only general fine arts museum in HawaiTemplate:Okinai, the Academy provides programs for public and private school children at all grade levels, from preschool through university, and to community organizations and the general public.


Docents conduct tours for the public, school groups, and community organizations. Groups of ten or more persons and classes are requested to schedule tours at least two weeks in advance. In a program called Tour and Tea, docents lead discussions in the galleries followed by iced tea in the courtyard. An introductory tour called Treasures of the Academy highlights selected works in the permanent collection.

Movie and Art Talk

Art documentaries are shown on selected Wednesday afternoons in the Education Lecture Hall. Following the film, the docents connect the film to the Academy collection and continue with a discussion in the gallery.

Special tours

Special tours, focusing on temporary exhibitions often include supplementary materials and activities, some especially designed for children. Workshops and exhibition previews for teachers and other educators may also be offered. Theme tours concentrate on a specific country, region, time period, art movement, or groups of artists. Academy tours may be customized to correspond to the specific requirement of a class or group. School groups K–12 should contact the Assistant Curator of Education for special requests.


Families with children can pick up materials at the front desk. Keiki Kit include booklets with stories to read, games and puzzles to solve, and a take-home activity. Gallery Hunt Activity Sheets send the families through the galleries to find certain works of art that focus on a theme. After reading a brief paragraph to learn about the work of art, and answering some questions, children win a prize.


A training program to prepare volunteers to provide docent-guided tours of the Academy is held only when needed. A four-semester training course includes an overview of the museum's collections and programs and a survey of world art. Docent Council meetings are conducted throughout the year along with continuing education of the Academy collections and special training sessions for all major and traveling exhibitions.

Art History classes

The Academy offers art history classes for adults in the Academy's theater, lecture rooms, or main galleries.

School Programs

Working with the [[Hawaii State Department of Education|HawaiTemplate:Okinai Department of Education]] and OTemplate:Okinaahu public schools, the Academy provides art education programs for selected 5th graders and special education students.

The Ambassador program includes three parts. First, an Ambassador brings a museum-in-a-box to the classroom. Next, students tour appropriate galleries at the Honolulu Academy of Arts. Finally an Ambassador leads an art project in the classroom. Ambassador Program themes include: East meets West, HawaiTemplate:Okinai and Its People, Art of the Philippines, Animals in Art, and Animals in Art for Special Education, Art of the Ancient World, and Art of the Pacific.

Educational resources

The Academy's educational resources support educators, collectors, students, members, artists and art historians with a small library and a non-reservation collection.

The Robert Allerton Art Research Library is open to college-level students, members, and other adults for art historical research. It is a non-circulating collection of over 40,000 volumes in a closed stack system and includes general reference materials, museum archives, artist files, and auction catalogues. Free Internet access is provided.

Slide Collection: Available to all educational institutions, but closed to the public, the slide collection includes works arranged chronologically, or by artist or medium, within geographical areas. Slides relate to theater arts, photography and installations, and special theme sets are available.

Lending Collection: Art objects, crafts and folk arts from around the world, books, and art work reproductions are some of the many items available for loan in the Lending Collection. Located in the basement of the Academy Art Center at Linekona, the Lending Collection is available to schools, libraries, and other community organizations.

Academy Art Center at Linekona

The site of the Academy Art Center at Linekona has long been a focal point for education. The building, constructed in 1908, has served as the President William McKinley High School, the College of HawaiTemplate:Okinai, and Lincoln (Linekona) Elementary School. Renovated and reopened in 1990, the center offers a range of art classes, from jewelry making to painting, printmaking to flower arranging, and ceramics to basic drawing for adults and children. The surrounding gardens are designed and maintained by the Garden Club of Honolulu.


Fronting Thomas Square, and across the street from the Honolulu Academy of Arts, the Academy Art Center is located at 1111 Victoria Street at the corner of Beretania and Victoria Streets.

Studio Art programs

During Spring and Fall semesters, the Academy Art Center offers studio art classes. Adult classes include painting, watercolor, drawing, Chinese brush painting, printmaking, ceramics, jewelry, weaving, and basketry, among others. Children's Saturday studio art classes include Exploring Art for K–Grade 4 and Drawing and Painting for students Grades 5–12. The center offers a six-week intensive summer school studio art program for students from preschool through grade 12, and scholarships for young people's art classes.

Educational programs

School programs include art classes for Special Education students and programs for fifth graders in HawaiTemplate:Okinai public schools, which combine museum tours and hands-on experience creating art in studio classes at the art center.


The center features exhibitions throughout the year for original local artworks. Traveling exhibitions, and works by HawaiTemplate:Okinai's contemporary artists, folk artists, and young people are often offered along with supplementary workshops and lectures by mainland and neighbor island artists.

Lending collection

The Lending Collection offers reproductions, original artworks, books and objects for loan and hands-on study to educators, students, and community groups. Located in the basement of the Academy Art Center, the Lending Collection is open Tuesday through Friday or by appointment.

Honolulu Printmaking Workshop

The Honolulu Printmaking Workshop is a not-for-profit community access studio with presses and technical supplies for lithography, intaglio and relief printmaking.

Art To Go

This outreach program began in 2003 for youth at risk in HawaiTemplate:Okinai. Art To Go brings art instruction and art supplies to underserved youth throughout the community in cooperation with social service agencies and public schools.

Luce Pavilion Complex

The Luce Pavilion complex, opened May 13, 2001, includes a new cafe, gift shop, and a two-story building with two Template:Convert galleries. Other facilities include underground storage, loading dock, dry-pipe fire sprinklers, vertical transportation systems for passengers, remote video broadcast capabilities, conservation lighting control systems, and climate control system. The Luce Pavilion Complex is completely wheelchair accessible. The project cost over $9 million.

The complex added Template:Convert, increasing the museum size to Template:Convert. The Luce Foundation donated $3.5 million towards the construction of the complex. Ground breaking ceremonies for the complex were held in September 23, 1999 and grand opening was May 13, 2001. The Henry R. Luce Gallery gallery holds traveling exhibitions.

The John Dominis and Patches Damon Holt Gallery

The second floor gallery of the Henry R. Luce Wing in the Luce Pavilion Complex houses a pictorial record of Hawaiian history. The John Dominis and Patches Damon Holt Gallery includes an introduction to indigenous Hawaiian art, early Western views of HawaiTemplate:Okinai, and the art of contemporary HawaiTemplate:Okinai-based artists. The gallery reflects changing life and landscapes of post European-contact HawaiTemplate:Okinai as well as its exploration of HawaiTemplate:Okinai's changing artistic traditions as Island communities grew and became less isolated during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Early views of HawaiTemplate:Okinai, dating from the last decades of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th, by expedition artists such as England's John Webber and Robert Dampier, France's Auguste Borget and Stanislaus Darondeau, and Russia's Louis Choris, present images of the Western world’s first contact with HawaiTemplate:Okinai. Nineteenth-century images by European artists such as George Burgess, Paul Emmert, Nicholas Chevalier, and James Gay Sawkins, who passed through HawaiTemplate:Okinai, show the growth of Western-style communities and an appreciation for the land and sea.

The Holt Gallery also features painting, watercolors, drawings, prints and photographs by artists such as Enoch Wood Perry, Jules Tavernier, David Howard Hitchcock, John La Farge, Georgia O'Keeffe, Ansel Adams, Brett Weston, Roi Partridge, and Jean Charlot. Works by HawaiTemplate:Okinai-born artists including Isami Doi, Hon Chew Hee, Cornelia MacIntyre Foley, and Keichi Kimura reveal the development of an indigenous modernist tradition in 20th century HawaiTemplate:Okinai, and include today's contemporary artists. Other regional artists in the collection include Charles W. Bartlett, Juliette May Fraser, Shirley Russell, Madge Tennent, and John Young, among many others.

The John Dominis and Patches Damon Holt Gallery also features a temporary exhibition space for ongoing changing exhibitions which focus on the arts of HawaiTemplate:Okinai.

The Holt Gallery was named for John Dominis Holt and his late wife Frances "Patches" Damon Holt. John Dominis Holt was born to part-Hawaiian parents of aliTemplate:Okinai rank. He learned the religion, customs, mythology, and the Hawaiian language. By the time he was a teen, he was already a genealogist.

Honorary Trustee of the Academy and wife of the late John Dominis Holt, Frances "Patches" Damon Holt was actively involved in many cultural projects. Descendant of a missionary family and a graduate of Punahou School, she received a law degree from Columbia University and was educated in England. Together with her older sister, Harriet Baldwin, she helped to oppose the H-3 project through Moanalua Valley. They also established a foundation to help preserve cultural and environmental values.


The Garden Café was first established in 1969 to raise funds to purchase art for the collection. Volunteers not only cooked and served, but also cleaned. The first menu was simple: sandwich-of-the-day with soup and passed bowls of green and fruit salads family style. The meal was finished with make-your-own ice cream sundaes and dessert bars. Even with such simple fare, the Café became popular. After operating with volunteers for over twenty years, professional management and full-time staff were gradually added.

In 1994, manager Michael T. Nevin designed a new menu using fresh and seasonal ingredients. In September 1999, the Garden Café was moved during construction of the Luce Pavilion Complex. On May 15, 2001, the Garden Café reopened with a new name, Pavilion Café, to reflect its new location and facilities.

The new Café more than doubled to cover Template:Convert in the Luce Pavilion Complex. It overlooks a granite waterfall with reflection pond and a glass sculpture by Seattle glass artist Dale Chihuly. Indoor and outdoor seating under the shade of a 70-year-old monkeypod tree is available.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Honolulu Museum of Art" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools